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Resources for religion research

Image Databases

MLA citations

For Bibliography or Works Cited page –


-  Image itself (Painting, sculpture, photograph)

         Artist last name, Artist first name.  Title of image.  Date of composition.  Medium.  Location of institution that houses image.

         Picasso, Pablo.  Gertrude Stein.  1905-6.  Oil on canvas.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. 

          * If date of composition is unknown, put “n.d.”


-  Untitled image

         * If image is untitled, write "Untitled" and give a brief, descriptive title for it parenthetically.  

         Artist last name, Artist first name.  Untitled (brief, descriptive title).  Date of composition.  Medium.  Location of institution that houses image.  

         Muybridge, Eadweard.  Untitled (photograph of horse running).  1887.  National Gallery, London.


-  Image referenced in text

          Artist’s last name, first name. Title of artwork. Year. Name of institution/private collection housing artwork. Title of print source. Author/editor’s first name last name. Publication city: Publisher, year. Page/plate number. Print.

         Kahlo, Frida. The Two Fridas. 1939. Museo de Art Moderno, Mexico City. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: The Western Perspective. Ed. Fred S. Kleiner, Christin J. Mamiya. Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth, 2006. 774.

-  Image downloaded from a website

      Artist’s last name, Artist first name. Title of artwork. Year.  Medium. Location of institution that houses image. Title of database or website. Publisher/sponsor of database or website. Web. Date of access. <URL (optional)>

      Cloix, Emmanuel. BROUSSAI 2 visu. 2007.  Photograph. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 1 June 2011. <> .

-   Image from database

         Artist last name, Artist first name.  Title.  Date of composition.  Medium.  Location of instiution that houses image.   Database.  Date you accessed image.  <url of image>.  Digital image.

         Johns, Jasper.  Flag on Orange Field. 1957.  Oil on canvas.  Erich Lessing Archives, New York.  ARTstor.  12 April 2013.  <>.  Digital image.

Figures and In-text citation

         If you are using images as figures in your paper, in-text citations are different than how you would treat a book.

  • All visuals should be labeled "Figure" or "Fig." followed by an Arabic number.  (ex. "Figure 3" or "Fig. 9")
  • Underneath each image in your paper, there should be a "Figure" label and a corresponding number, followed by citation information.  Since this information is provided below your image, you do not need to provide this information on your Works Cited page.  For example - 
       Fig. 3.  Picasso, Pablo.  Gertrude Stein.  1905-6.  Oil on canvas.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. 
  • For in-text citation, provide only the Figure label and the corresponding numeral.  For example - 
    Use of color went from bright pastels to dark earth tones during this period (see fig. 4).

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