Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Core 177C - Peru (Hays-Mitchell)

Library resources for Prof. Hays-Mitchell's Fall 2021 course

What is a Primary Source?

Primary Sources are generally defined as a document or object which was created during the time under study. Since these resources were present during this specific time period, they can offer an inside view of a particular event.

Examples of primary sources include - 

  • a first-hand account by a participant or observer close to the time of the event, as reported in an article, diary, journal, speech, interview, letter, e-mail, memorandum, or autobiography.

  • an original work of art or literature

  • visual images and/or audio recordings of an event

  • old maps

  • original research or raw data, including public opinion polls

  • a government document that is produced in the normal course of governing (a law, congressional hearing, treaty, regulation or court decision) and those that record an event (birth certificate), report data collected by the government (the census), or confer a right (a permit, license or patent).

  • records produced by organizations in the normal course of doing business

  • a laboratory report or field observation, including an ethnography

  • artifacts of any kind

Primary Source Materials


Colgate University Libraries | 13 Oak Drive, Hamilton, NY 13346 | 315-228-7300