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FSEM 186 - The Geography of Happiness (Klepeise)

Google Search Operators

Use quotes to search for an exact word or phrase

 "antique fishing lures"

This function searches an exact text string.  Putting quotes around a single word search eliminates results containing word variations.

 Exclude a word

 -metal

 Placing a minus sign in front of a word or quoted phrase excludes search results containing that word or phrase.  Multiple words or phrases can be excluded in a given search.

Search within a specific website or domain

site:colgate.edu   or   site:.colgate.edu   or   site:.edu   

This operator placed directly in front and adjacent to a website name or domain (starts with a period) limits a search to that particular website or domain.

Proximity Searching

Colgate AROUND(4) Harvard

Retrieves web pages containing search terms within the proximity of a given number of words.  AROUND must be in capitals.

Search for pages that link to a specific URL

link:exlibris.colgate.edu   

This operator retrieves pages that link to the site specified.

Search for pages that are similar to a URL

related:joeyates.com or related:http://www.colgate.edu/academics/courseofferings       

Retrieve websites and pages that that are contain content similar to the queried website or page.

Search for words in the title of a web page

intitle:cosmic intitle:debris

Retrieves pages that contain the words cosmic and debris in the title of the page.

Search for words in the text of a web page

intext:josephen  intext:ratchet

Retrieves pages that contain the words Josephen and ratchet in the text of the page.

Search for alternate words

squirrel OR crayfish     

Use a capitalized OR between words and/or phrases to allow for ambiguity of search terms in a query.

Fill in the blank

If * stop then * go   or   "stand straight" and * then *     

An asterisk serves as a placeholder for any unknown or wildcard terms. Find variations an exact phrase when used with quotation marks or to retrieve different words in the middle of a phrase.  The asterisk will retrieve both single words and phrases.

Search for a number range

tuition $25000..$45000

Numbers separated by two periods without spaces (..) yields results that contain numbers in a given range of things like dates, prices, and measurements.


Colgate University Libraries | 13 Oak Drive, Hamilton, NY 13346 | 315-228-7300